Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle History

This castle is sitting on Castle Rock in the city. Castle Rock formed after a volcano erupted over 340 million years ago. The castle was the living corners of both royalty and prisoners for centuries. In 1781 almost 1000 prisoners of War-American, French, Spanish, Dutch, and British- were held in Edinburgh castle. This castle was built in the 12th century be David I, son of Saint Margaret of Scotland. During the first and second wars of Scotland, the castle owners bounced back and fourth between English and Scottish hands. In the late 18th and 19th century the castle held military prisoners from England but eventually there was a prison break. In 1814 the castle became a national monument and in 1927, part of the castle was turned into the Scottish National War Memorial.

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle

Prisoners of the Edinburgh Castle

When going through the prison in the castle, I learned that the prisoners had it pretty well off in there.They would receive a good amount of food to eat and they would get 5 pence a day. They would receive new clothes to wear often and there beds were hammock and were cleaned everyday to prevent disease. While the prisoners were there they would often get bored and so they gambled to pass the time. Another thing they did to pass the time was making counterfeit money. The city would have to create different money so it would be less able to counterfeit. The prisoners would also carve jewelry boxes, model ships straw hats and games made for kids. They would make this out of the bone from there meat they received for food and straw from bedding. Comparing the ways that the prisoners from back then to the prisoners from today, they were treated well.

Prisoners Crafts

Prisoners Crafts


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